Below is a list of reading on attachment – at the heart of parental alienation. In particular, we have included some of Dr. Childress’ “required reading” for any mental health professional involved in attachment disorders.  Start with Bowlby. 


Amad: Similarities between borderline personality disorder and post traumatic stress disorder: evidence from testing-state meta-analysis 


Boldt: Attachment in middle childhood: predictors, correlates, and implications for adaptation 


Ainsworth: Patterns of Attachment: A psychological study of the strange situation  

Horan: Understanding relationship among the dark triad personality profile and romantic partners conflict

Stern: Empathy from infancy to adolescence: an attachment perspective on the development of individual differences 


Book: Unpacking “evil”: Claiming the core of the Dark Triad

Cui: Parental psychological control and adolescent adjustment: The role of adolescent emotion regulation

Jones: Introducing the short dark triad (SD3): A brief measure of dark personality traits 


Barnow: Maternal transmission of borderline personality disorder symptoms in the community-based greifswald family study 

Jonason: The emotional deficits associated with the Dark Triad: cognitive empathy, affective empathy, and alexithymia 


Fonagy: Borderline personality disorder, mentalization, and the neurobiology of attachment

Colonnesi: The relation between insecure attachment and child anxiety: A meta-analytic review

Dutton: Parental personality disorder and its effects on children: a review of current literature



Raineki: Developing a neurobehavioral animal model of infant attachment to an abusive caregiver

Barnow: Borderline personality disorder and psychosis: A Review


Barnow: Interpersonal evaluation bias in borderline personality disorder

Carlson: A prospective investigation of the development of borderline personality symptoms

Korn: EMDR and the treatment of complex PTSD: A Review


Bretherton: Internal working models in attachment relationships

Johnson: Psychiatric disorders in adolescent and early adulthood and risk for child-rearing difficulties during middle adulthood 

Macfie: Independent influences upon mother-toddler role reversal: infant-mother attachment disorganization and role reversal in mother’s childhood


Lopez: An attachment-theoretical perspective on the use of splitting defences


Madigan: Unresolved states of mind, disorganized attachment relationships, and disrupted interactions of adolescent mothers and their infants

Anda: The enduring effects of abuse and related adverse experiences in childhood 

Johnson: Association of parental personality disorders and Axis I disorders with childrearing behavior


Kerig: Revisiting the construct of boundary dissolution

Levy: The implications of attachment theory and research for understanding borderline personality disorder 

Macfie: Intergenerational transmission of role reversal between parent and child: dyadic and family systems internal working models

Pearlman: Clinical applications of the attachment framework: relational treatment of complex trauma

Rappoport: Co-Narcissism: how we accomodate to narcissistic parents

Shaffer: The development and adaptational implications of generational boundary dissolution

Fonagy: Bridging the transmission gap: an end to an important mystery of attachment research?

Fruzzetti: Family interaction and the development of borderline personality disorder: a transactional model 

Lyddon: Developmental personality styles: an attachment theory conceptualization of personality disorders 



Holmes: Disorganized attachment system and borderline personality disorder: a clinical perspective

Agarwal: Attachment studies with bordline patients: A review 

Baughman: Liar liar pants on fire: cheater strategies linked to the dark triad 

Beck: Cognitive therapy of personality disorders: twenty years of progress


Barone: Developmental protective and risk factors in borderline personality disorder: A study using the adult attachment interview 

Fonagy: The developmental roots of borderline personality disorder in early attachment relationships: A theory and some evidence 


Johnson: Association of maladaptive parental behavior with psychiatric disorder among parents and their offsprings 


Sroufe: Early relationships and the development of children

Jellema: Insecure attachment states: Their relationship to borderline and narcissistic personality disorders and treatment process in cognitive analytic therapy 


Lyons: Maternal frightened, frightening, or atypical behavior and disorganized infant attachment patterns

Bailey: Does childhood sexual abuse cause borderline personality disorder? 

Brown: Bowen family systems theory and practice: Illustration and Critique

Fuselier: Placing the stockholm syndrome in perspective

Garety: Cognitive approaches to delusions: a critical review of theories and evidence 


Brennan: Attachment styles and personality disorders: their connections to each other and to parental divorce, parental death, and perception of parental caregiving

Brown: The transmission of trauma through caretaking patterns of behavior in holocaust families: re-enactments in a facilitated long-term second-generation group

Cohen: parental narcissism and the disengagement of the non-custodial father after divorce


Barber: Parental psychological control: revisiting a neglected construct

Collins: working models of attachment: implications of explanation, emotion, and behavior


Bremner: Deficits in short-term memory in adult survivors of child abuse

Juni: Triangulation as splitting in the service of ambivalence 


Benoit: Stability and transmission of attachment across three generations 

Cassidy: The insecure/ambivalent pattern of attachment: theory and research


Bowlby: The origins of attachment theory: John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth

Bretherton: The origins of attachment theory: John Bowlby and Mary Ainsworth


Bartholomew: Attachment styles among young adults: A test of a four-category model

Jacobvitz: The transmission of mother-child boundary disturbances across three generations 


Bartholomew: Avoidance of intimacy: an attachment perspective 

Freeney: Attachment style as a predictor of adult romantic relationships



Ainsworth: Attachments Beyond Infancy

Herman: Childhood trauma in borderline personality disorder 


Bowlby: A secure base: parent=child attachment and healthy human development


Hazan: Romantic love conceptualized as an attachment process 


Mineka: Observational conditioning of snake fear in rhesus monkeys

Tonkin: Narcissism and borderline states: kernberg, kohut, and psychotherapy 


Gerson: Splitting: The development of a measure


Bowlby: Attachment and loss: loss sadness and depression 


Ainsworth: Infant-Mother Attachment


Bowlby: The making and breaking of affectional bonds


Fraiberg: Ghosts in the Nursery: A psychoanalytic approach to the problems of impaired infant-mother relationship


Bowlby: Attachment and Loss, Volume II Separation Anxiety and Anger


Bowlby: Attachment and loss, Volume I Attachmentsmom


Bowlby: Separtion Anxiety: A critical review of the literature

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